The group has its own instrumentation and through membership in University Research Institutes we have access to research support services of CEQMA, INA and LMA:


Powder X-ray diffraction at variable temperature

Powder X-ray diffraction allows the structural study of species that do not yield single crystals. This technique is particularly useful in the study of polycrystalline substances, liquid crystals, polymer films, fibres, Langmuir-Blodgett films, amorphous solids, liquids, etc. In our laboratory, the diffraction patterns can be registered with two kind of experimental set-up:

  • Guinier diffractometer (Huber 644): This apparatus gives a graphical view of the reflections registered by a computer-controlled NaI scintillation detector. The areas under the signals are proportional to the reflection intensities. This set-up uses a linear Cu-Ka1 beam issued from a germanium monochromator.
  • Pinhole camera (Anton-Paar): The pattern is registered on flat photographic film, and the reflection intensities are given by the relative blackening observed on the film. This set-up uses a Ni-filtered point-focused Cu-Ka beam, and the sample-to-film distance can be changed following the angular region to explore. In both equipments the samples are held in Lindemann glass capilaries of about 1 mm diameter, although some samples can also been studied on a flat holder Langmuir-Blodgett films) or without any holder at all (polymer films, fibres). One of the most important features of both equipments is the possibility of heating the samples at controlled temperatures by means of a variable-temperature attachment that operates between room temperature and, at least, 250oC.
  • X-ray difractometer D-max Rigaku for powder samples.

Polarizing Optical Microscopes:

  • Olympus BH-2
  • Olympus BX51

Heating stages:

  • Linkan THMS 600 hot stage, central processor TM91 and cooling system CS196
  • Linkan THMS 600 hot stage, central processor TM94 and cooling system LNP
  • Mettler FP82HT, central processor FP800


HP and GPC Chromatography

  • Waters Alliance 2695 with autosampler and PDA detector, light scattering detector for HPLC and SEC-GPC/GFC.
  • Semipreparative chromatographic system with injecting pump Waters W 600, column oven and sample collector.
  • Medium Pressure Liquid Chromatography (MPLC) based on a Büchi C601 and C605 pumps.
  • Preparative Centrifugally-accelerated Radial Thin Layer Chromatography.


Optical Spectroscopy 

  • UV Unicam UV4 spectrophotometer equipped with integrating sphere labsphere for diffuse reflectance.
  • IR Nicolet Avatar 360 spectrometer
  • Bruker Vertex 70 FTIR equipped with Bruker PMA 50 accesory for VCD and PM-IRRAS
  • 2000 FT-IR Microscope IR Hyperion.


Thermal Analysis (Calorimetry service-CEQMA)

  • Diferential Scannig Calorimeters Q20, Q1000 y Q2000 of Thermal Analysis.
  • Thermobalances: TGA/DSC y Q5000IR of Thermal Analysis.


MS spectrometry (MS service-CEQMA)

  • Bruker microflex MS spectrometer with MALDI ionization and TOF
  • Bruker microTOF MS spectrometer with ESI/APCI ionizaron, TOF detector and ion trap for MS/MS.


NMR spectrometry (NMR service-CEQMA)

  • Bruker Avance 500 with three channels and BBI and TBO probes
  • Bruker Avance 400 (SB) with BBO, BBI and CP/MAS (4 mm) probes
  • Bruker Avance 400 with QNP probe and auto sampler
  • Bruker Avance 400 (WB) for solids
  • Bruker Avance 300 with three channels, QNP and TBI probes and auto sampler



  • Jasco P-1020 polarimeter
  • Circular dichroism spectrophotometer Jasco 810



  • Abbe 60 Refractometer


Elemental Analysis (EM service-CEQMA)

  • Perkin-Elmer 2400 analyzer for C,H,N,S.


X-ray diffraction (SDRX service-CEQMA)

  • Bruker SMART-APEX
  • Bruker APEX DUO


Scanning Probe Microscopie: AFM, MFM, STM, CLSM (service-CEQMA)


TEM, SEM, XPS (LMA, Univ. Zaragoza)


Dynamic Light Scattering